Nigeria is the most populous nation in Africa, and the seventh most populous in the world. Nigeria’s education sector has been overburdened by strong population growth and a significant ‘youth bulge.’ (More than 60 percent of the country’s population is under the age of 24.)
2. Economic recession.
Oil accounts for 90% of Nigeria’s exports and 70% of government revenue. The collapse of international oil prices in 2016 pushed Nigeria into a deep recession, resulting in severe cuts in public spending which has affected government services nationwide. These cuts exacerbated the already existing crisis in education.
3. Existing problems in education.
The education system was already underfunded and the recent cuts in the education budget has exacerbated the problems. There is a severe shortage of trained teachers, school buildings are falling into disrepair, there is shortage of textbooks and basic classroom equipment such as desks and blackboards.
Edited from: https://wenr.wes.org/2017/03/education-in-nigeria